Policies Governing Student Misconduct
Academic institutions exist for the transmission of knowledge, the pursuit of truth, the development of students, and the general well-being of society. Free inquiry and free expression are indispensable to the attainment of these goals. As members of this academic community, students are encouraged to develop the capacity for critical judgment and to engage in a sustained and independent search for truth.
Freedom to teach and freedom to learn are inseparable facets of academic freedom. The freedom to learn depends upon appropriate opportunities and conditions in the classroom, on the campus, and in the community. Students should exercise their freedom with responsibility. As members of the academic community, students are subject to the obligations which accrue to them by virtue of this membership. As members of the larger community of which the College is a part, students are entitled to all rights and protection accorded them by the laws of that community.
By the same token, students are also subject to all laws, the enforcement of which is the responsibility of duly constituted authorities. When students violate laws, they may incur penalties prescribed by legal authorities. In such instance, college discipline will be initiated only when the presence of the student on campus will disrupt the educational process of the college. However, when a student’s violation of the law also adversely affects the College’s pursuit of its recognized educational objectives, the college may enforce its own regulations. When students violate college regulations, they are subject to disciplinary action by the College whether or not their conduct violates the law. If a student’s behavior simultaneously violates both college regulations and the law, the College may take disciplinary action independent of that taken by legal authorities.
Student Code of Conduct
The College reserves the right to maintain a safe and orderly educational environment for students and staff. Therefore, when, in the judgment of college officials, a student’s conduct disrupts or threatens to disrupt the college community, appropriate disciplinary action will be taken to restore and protect the sanctity of the community.
Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with generally accepted standards of scholarship and morality. The purpose of this code is not to restrict student rights but to protect the rights of individuals in their academic pursuits.
The following Campus Standards are expected to be observed while on campus or at college-sponsored, off-campus events. Violations of these Campus Standards will result in disciplinary actions which may include suspension or expulsion from Robeson Community College:
Rule 1. Violation of Local, State, and/or Federal Laws - The College reserves the option to refer cases involving violations of local, state, and/or federal laws to appropriate law enforcement officials off campus.
Rule 2. Academic Dishonesty - Cheating and plagiarism are dishonest, deceiving, and both are considered serious offenses. Extreme care should be taken to ensure that all work completed measures up to a standard of honesty. Alleged violations of academic dishonesty are handled following the processes outlined in the college’s academic honor code (see Penalties).
Rule 3. Alcohol - The possession or use of alcohol is prohibited on campus and at college-sponsored events off campus. Alcohol abuse which results in public intoxication, destruction of property, abuse of or personal injury to an individual, litter, or misconduct of any kind, is a violation of the alcohol policy. Being under the influence of alcohol is not a valid reason for inappropriate behavior.
Rule 4. Animals - A student may not have an animal of any kind on campus. This includes animals left in a vehicle. Working dogs, such as Seeing Eye dogs and police dogs, are permitted.
Rule 5. Arson - Tampering with fire alarm systems and/or safety equipment or intentionally lighting a fire on college property is strictly prohibited.
Rule 6. Assault - Malicious assault, physical abuse, or verbal harassment of any person on campus will not be tolerated. This includes physical or verbal actions which threaten or endanger the health and/or safety of any such persons.
Rule 7. Complicity in Standards Violation - Any student who is aware that a violation of any standard, regulation, law, or ordinance is about to occur or is taking place shall make some reasonable effort to stop the offense or notify a college staff member immediately.
Rule 8. Disorderly Conduct - Robeson Community College students are expected to act in an orderly and responsible manner. Therefore, students may not be involved in such actions as physical restriction, coercion, or intimidation of any person on campus; participation in or encouragement of any effort to disrupt any class or other college functions; disrespect, belligerence, or racial prejudice toward any college staff member (instructional or non-instructional), any student in a supervisory capacity, or a fellow student. Indecent or obscene language or behavior will result in disciplinary action.
Rule 9. Failure to Comply with Judicial Action - Students who are notified of judicial-related appointments and who fail to attend the scheduled meeting/hearing will be subject to disciplinary action. Students who cannot attend a scheduled meeting or hearing should contact the Assistant Vice President of Student Services, or his or her designated representative at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance.
Violations of penalties rendered by Robeson Community College will be considered very serious violations of the Campus Standards.
Rule 10. Forgery - Forgery, alteration or misuse of college documents, deceiving records, or instruments of identification with intent to deceive, will be considered a violation of the Campus Standards. This rule applies to both physical and electronic documents and media.
Rule 11. Gambling - Gambling is not permitted on campus property or at college-sponsored events off campus.
Rule 12. Internet and Computer Network Usage - The College has detailed guidelines outlining the appropriate use of the Internet and Computer Resources. Users of the College’s computer network agree to follow established guidelines. Computer usage should be for academic purposes only.
Rule 13. Narcotics, Stimulant Drugs - The possession, use, or sale of illegal drugs, stimulants, hallucinogens, depressants, or any other illegal substance will be a violation of Robeson Community College Campus Standards. The definition of possession of dangerous drugs includes the presence of such materials on the student’s person, among the property owned by the student, or among such school property as is being used by the student.
Rule 14. Responsibility - Each student is responsible for his/her own actions on the Robeson Community College campus or at college-sponsored events off campus. Students are required to carry identification cards issued by the College and must identify themselves to college officials upon request.
All visitors to the campus are required to observe these standards of the College. Hosts/hostesses of visitors are responsible for the actions of their guests on the Robeson Community College campus or at college-sponsored events off campus.
Rule 15. Sales, Solicitations, or Distributions - No sales, solicitations, or distributions of any kind shall be made on college property or at any college-sponsored events except those which are approved in advance by the President or his/her designee.
Rule 16. Sexual and Other Unlawful Harassment - Students may not harass any member of the College community, including other students, employees, or other persons on the College campus. This prohibition includes sexual, verbal or physical harassment for any reason including race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, veteran’s status, creed, sexual orientation, or political affiliation.
Rule 17. Theft - Theft of college property, property of a member of the college community, a campus visitor on college property or attending a college function off campus is strictly prohibited.
Rule 18. Tobacco - Smoking and/or using other forms of tobacco products are not permitted in classrooms, shops, labs, or other unauthorized areas.
Rule 19. Unauthorized Programs - Participating in or conducting an assembly, demonstration, or gathering in a manner which threatens or causes injury to persons or property; which interferes with free access to, ingress or egress of college facilities; which is harmful, obstructive, or disruptive to the educational process or institutional functions of the College; and/or remaining at the scene of such an assembly after being asked to leave by a representative of the college staff is strictly prohibited.
Rule 20. Vandalism - Malicious destruction of public or private property on campus will be considered a violation of the Campus Standards.
Rule 21. Weapons - Possession or use of any firearms, knives, incendiary devices, or explosives are prohibited on college property. Prior permission must be obtained where weapons are authorized for possession/use in college-affiliated activities or events except handguns as allowed by NC GS §14-269.4. Handguns are permitted under these circumstances:
- The person has a concealed handgun permit that is lawfully issued
- The handgun is in a closed compartment or container within the person’s locked vehicle
- The handgun is in a locked container securely affixed to the person’s vehicle.
- A person may unlock the vehicle to enter or exit the vehicle provided the handgun remains in the closed compartment at all times
- The vehicle is locked immediately following the entrance or exit.
Law enforcement officers are exempt from this prohibition. This includes facsimiles of weapons.
Rule 22. Bullying - Students may not intimidate or threaten with harm any other individual. Bullying is defined as “any pattern of gestures or written, electronic or verbal communications, or any physical act or any threatening communication that takes place on College premises or at any College sponsored function that: (a) places a person in actual and reasonable fear of harm to his or her person or damage to his or her property; or (b) creates or is certain to create a hostile environment by substantially interfering with or impairing a student’s educational performance, opportunities or benefits, or a College employee’s ability to perform the essential functions of his or her job.”
Rule 23. Use of Social Media - Students should obey their social media platforms terms’ of use. Students may not make, or cause to be made, communications (including electronically or through social media) to another person in any manner likely to seriously annoy or cause alarm. Social media may not be used to breech privacy, discriminate or harass. Students may not make, transmit, or attempt to transmit audio or video of any person(s) on College property where there is an explicit expectation of privacy. Any posts or tweets deemed inappropriate on a Robeson Community College social web site or blog will be deleted immediately and may result in having access to the site blocked permanently.
Rule 24. Stalking - Students may not engage in a course of conduct directed to a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others or suffer substantial emotional distress by placing that person in fear of death, bodily injury, or continued harassment.
Rule 25. Threats - Students may not engage in any behavior that constitutes a clear and present danger to the physical and/or emotional well-being of the student and/or other students, faculty, staff, and campus visitors.
Rule 26. Domestic Violence - Students may not commit crimes of violence against a current or former spouse or intimate partner, a person with whom student shares a child in common, a person with whom the student cohabitates or has cohabitated as a spouse, a person similarly situated to the student as a spouse, a person who is related to the student as a parent or child, including person acting in loco parentis to a minor child, or a person who is related to the student as grandparent or grandchild. This standard includes Dating Violence-crimes of violence against a person with whom the person has or had a social relationship or intimate relationship and Sexual Violence-physical acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent (e.g., due to the students age or use of drugs or alcohol or because an intellectual or other disability prevents the student from having the capacity to give consent).
Student Code of Conduct Due Process
All violations of the Robeson Community College Campus Standards will be handled by administrative action and when necessary through judicial procedures.
The establishment, interpretation, and enforcement of Campus Standards is designed to assist each student in the realization of educational goals and to assist in providing an environment in which every student may achieve his or her potential. Hence, disciplinary actions vary according to the situation. Each action taken as a result of a Campus Standards violation must be tailored to fit the circumstances of the situation.
The disciplinary history of an individual student remains active throughout his/her period of enrollment at Robeson Community College. Thus, disciplinary violations carry over from semester to semester and may impact on determining appropriate sanctions after a decision of responsibility has been rendered in reviewing an incident.
Under normal conditions, the following principles, guidelines, and procedures prevail in dealing with violations of Campus Standards:
Students violating the College’s Student Code of Conduct are subject to disciplinary action. Any member of the campus community may initiate a report of an alleged violation. In order to ensure an orderly process for addressing alleged violations of the Student Code of Conduct, the following procedures will be followed:
- Alleged violations of any local, State or Federal regulation or law will be reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency by Campus Security.
- Classroom Disruptions – Inappropriate classroom behavior resulting in an instructor requesting a student leave the classroom will be reported to the director or assistant vice-president responsible for the class.
- Disruptive incidents occurring in public areas on campus (parking lots, lounge areas, hallways, bathrooms, etc.) will be investigated by Campus Security.
- Disruptive incidents occurring at off-campus college sponsored activities, events, and classes will be reported to the responsible director or assistant vice-president.
Alleged violations of the College’s Student Code of Conduct should be reported immediately, but not later than two school days after the date of the incident to the college official designated above. Students will be accorded due process in all disciplinary proceedings.
Members of the college community reporting an alleged violation must complete an incident report detailing the names of the individual(s) involved; the date, time, and location of the incident; names of witnesses; a summary of the incident; and any action initiated as a result of the incident. Upon receipt of the completed incident report, the designated college official will complete an investigation of the incident.
The incident report, investigative findings and a description of the Student Code of Conduct charges will be forwarded by the designated college official to the Assistant Vice- President of Student Services or his or her designee for review and action. The investigation of the incident should be completed within three school days of receiving the completed incident report. Upon receipt of these materials, the Assistant Vice-President or his or her designee will notify the student(s) of the report and of alleged violations of the Student Code of Conduct.
Based on information gathered during the investigation of the alleged violation, the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his/her designee will notify the student in writing of the specific charges, conference guidelines, and information regarding student rights/privileges. The Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his/her designee will initiate the written notification to the student charged with alleged violation(s) within three school days of the receipt of information from the designated college official. The student must schedule a conference appointment with the Assistant Vice President or his/her designee following instructions outlined in the written notification.
It is the responsibility of the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his/her designee to act as a reviewer for the alleged violation(s). He/she will review all written materials related to the incident, talk with witnesses, staff and faculty involved, etc. who have clarifying information. During the conference, the Assistant Vice-President or his/her designee will review the evidence with the individual reporting the alleged violation(s) as well as student charged with the violation(s).
Upon completing the review of evidence with the student and discussing the incident with the student, the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his/her designee will have the following options to consider:
- Dismiss the alleged violation(s) because of insufficient evidence, obvious non-responsibility of the charges, etc.
- Find the student responsible for the violation(s). Then, considering any extenuating circumstances, issue a sanction appropriate for the violation(s).
- Due to the complexity of the alleged violations(s) or due to previous incidents involving the student, refer the student to the Campus Standards Committee for review and action.
- Due to seriousness of the alleged violation(s), and/or the possible threat to the welfare of the college community, the student may be suspended from the college immediately.
After rendering a decision, the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his/her designee will provide a written copy to the student of the decision, his or her requirements in working toward fulfilling the stated penalty/sanction, and appeal options.
Upon written notification of the decision, either party (the individual reporting or the individual found responsible) may appeal the findings of the Assistant Vice-President of Student Services or his or her designee to the Campus Standards Committee. To appeal, the student must make the request in writing, to include a rationale, to the Chairperson of the Campus Standards Committee. The written request must be submitted within three school days of the receipt of the written notification from the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his or her designee.
Campus Standards Committee
Committee Memberships - The Committee will consist of members from the faculty, staff, and students. The faculty and staff members of the Committee will be recommended by the Vice President of Instruction & Support Services and approved by the College President. Student members will be nominated by the President of the Student Government Association along with being confirmed by the Executive Council of the Student Government Association, and approved by the President of the college.
The Campus Standards Committee will be composed of four faculty members, three staff members, and three students. The Vice President of Instruction & Support Services will recommend, for approval by the President, administrators to serve as Committee chairperson, and vice chairperson. For each hearing, a minimum of four (4) Committee members must be present.
Hearings should be scheduled after class hours on the second (2nd), third (3rd), or fourth (4th) school day after the notification has been received by the student. The chairperson may schedule a different date for the hearing if good and sufficient cause is shown by either the student or by the Assistant Vice President of Student Services. Insofar as is feasible; however, the hearing should not be held later than the fourth (4th) school day following the day that the student receives the notification.
Chairperson Responsibilities - The chairperson has the following duties and responsibilities:
- Review the incident to ensure that the chairperson does not have a conflict of interest. If a conflict of interest is apparent, forward the incident report to the vice-chair for review and action.
- Schedule hearings
- Notify Committee members of hearings
- Provide adequate opportunities before the hearing to the student charged with the alleged violation(s) to ask any questions concerning the procedures followed by the Campus Standards Committee.
- Chairs/conducts the hearing (Note: In cases in which the chairperson has prior knowledge of the incident, the chairperson may select from the Campus Standards Committee an individual to serve in the capacity of chairperson.)
- Notify student in writing of the findings of the Committee and maintain all records of the hearing during the process.
- The chairperson votes in the case of a committee tie vote.
Hearing Procedures - Whenever a student is charged with alleged violation(s) and a hearing is scheduled, the following due process procedures, as well as rules imposed by the chairperson in special circumstances, shall apply:
- The jurisdiction and authority of the Committee is to hear evidence relevant to the alleged violation(s), to make findings of fact, and to reach a decision concerning the alleged violation(s).
- No member of the Campus Standards Committee who has prior knowledge or interest in the case shall be allowed to participate in the hearing. The College President may appoint replacement(s) when needed.
- The hearing will be closed to the public and will be recorded. Recordings become the property of Robeson Community College, and access to them will be determined by the chairperson and the Assistant Vice President of Student Services. All recordings will be maintained in the Office of the Assistant Vice President of Student Services.
- Any proposed witness must submit a written statement of his/her testimony to the chairperson at least two (2) school days prior to the date of the hearing so that the chairperson can verify him/her as a witness or classify him/her as a member of the public. If it is impossible for a witness to attend the hearing, the written information provided to the chairperson may be used as evidence.
- Once the hearing is called to order, charges will be read to the accused and to the Committee.
- The plea of the accused will be given.
- The student charged with the alleged violation(s) shall be present throughout the presentation of the evidence.
- Witnesses may be present at the hearing only during the time they are called to present testimony.
- When all evidence has been presented and any questions answered, the Committee will then proceed into an executive session to reach a decision of guilty or innocent. If a decision of guilty is rendered, then the Committee will review previous disciplinary-related problems of the student and reach a decision regarding the appropriate penalty.
- The student will be notified in writing by the Campus Standards Committee chairperson of the decision of the Committee, as well as appeal options. (Copies of correspondence will be forwarded to the Assistant Vice President of Student Services.)
Notice of Outcome
Written notice of the outcome of disciplinary proceeding will be provided to both reporting and responding parties concurrently. The content of the notice may vary depending on the underlying allegations and the age of the students.
Decisions rendered by the Campus Standards Committee may be appealed to the Vice President of Instruction and Support Services or his/her designee. To initiate an appeal, the student must appeal in writing within three school days after receipt of the Committee’s decision. In an appeal the student should demonstrate that: (1) there is new evidence that could not be obtained previously; (2) the Campus Standards Committee exhibited prejudice or other unfair treatment to the student; and/or (3) the decision does not relate appropriately to the charges. The Vice President shall have the authority to: (1) review the proceedings and findings of the Campus Standards Committee: (2) conduct interviews with the student charged, the Assistant Vice President of Student Services and/or his/her designee, Campus Standards Committee members, and/or witnesses; and (3) approve, modify, or overturn the decision or sanction of the Campus Standards Committee. The Vice-President of the Instruction and Support Services or his/her designee will inform the student in writing of the final decision within five school days of the receipt of the appeal. Decisions rendered by the Vice-President of Instruction and Support or his/her designee will be considered final.
Academic Honor Code
Robeson Community College (RCC) is committed to excellence in teaching and committed to providing an environment for students to excel in learning. It is the expectation of the College that all students adhere to an academic code of integrity and honesty. Academic dishonesty is the giving, accepting, or presenting of information or material by a student with the intent of unethically or fraudulently benefitting oneself or another on any work which is to be considered for a grade or the completion of academic requirements. There are many forms of academic dishonesty, and it is the responsibility of the student to ensure that all academic work submitted is free of any type of dishonesty.
To ensure student awareness and compliance of the College’s Academic Honor Code, the following integrity statement is required on all major graded assignments for face-to-face and distance learning courses.
By the submission of this assignment (or by the electronic submission of this assignment), I attest that I followed the College’s Academic Honor Code, and I acknowledge that this represents my work!
Examples of Academic Dishonesty, but not limited to:
Cheating includes giving or receiving of unauthorized aid related to academic work. Cheating includes using notes or other material without permission from the faculty on an exam; receiving information from another student during an exam; obtaining a copy of an exam or questions from an exam prior to taking the exam; submitting someone else’s work as one’s own; or having someone else take one’s exam and submitting it as his or her own. Students must complete all tests, examinations, or assigned work without help or any form of unfair advantage.
Plagiarism includes copying the language, structure, ideas, images and/or thoughts of another without giving appropriate recognition/citation and adapting it as one’s original work. Cutting and pasting directly from electronic sources without appropriate recognition/citation is also considered unauthorized.
Falsification includes statement(s) or untruth(s), spoken or written, concerning academic work or school activities. Unauthorized changing of grades/scores for academic work is also a form of falsification.
Facilitating includes giving unauthorized assistance or information to another in order to assist in the violation of honesty or integrity.
Attempt includes the act of trying an academic violation of the honesty or integrity code, even if it is unsuccessful.
Complicity in academic violation includes any student who is aware that a violation of any standard, regulation, law, or ordinance is about to occur or is taking place shall make some reasonable effort to stop the offense or immediately notify a college staff member.
RCC prides itself on advancing qualified graduates; therefore, all instances of academic dishonesty will be considered serious violations of the Academic Honor Code.
Academic Honor Code Process
Academic integrity and honesty are necessary to achieve the College’s mission of offering high quality educational programs. Maintaining standards of academic honesty and integrity are the responsibility of instructional faculty. Therefore, when any academic dishonesty is suspected, a faculty member has the responsibility to, and must, follow the procedure for student academic dishonesty outlined below in order to uphold the Academic Honor Code of Robeson Community College:
Procedure for Student Academic Dishonesty
Faculty will use the settlement procedure described below to resolve an incident of academic dishonesty.
Step 1: Faculty will complete the Settlement of a Charge of Academic Dishonesty (SCAD) form. Forms are available in Faculty Resources in Blackboard Open LMS (formerly Moodle.
Step 2: Faculty will determine if this is a campus wide first offense by verifying student status in the online central repository managed by Educational Services. If it is determined this is a first offense for the student, faculty may impose the sanction of (a) a reduced grade other than a zero on the assignment/assignments or (b) a zero on the assignment/assignments. SCAD is submitted to Educational Services for upload to the online repository.
Note: If faculty wish to impose a greater sanction for the first offense they must consult with Department Chair/Program Director and appropriate Assistant Vice President (AVP). Due to the seriousness of the offense, faculty may refer the offense to the Campus Standards Committee. If the faculty elects to refer the offense to the Campus Standards Committee, the Department Chair/Program Director and appropriate Assistant Vice President must approve the referral. As outlined in Step 4, matters referred to the Campus Standards Committee, should recommend an appropriate sanction.
Step 3: Upon completion of the SCAD, if it is determined this is the student’s second campus wide offense, faculty may elect to impose the sanction of (a) a reduced grade other than a zero on the assignment/assignments, (b) a zero on the assignment/assignments, or (c) refer to Campus Standards Committee for the demonstrated pattern of academic dishonesty. Campus Standards Committee referrals should be submitted to the Assistant Vice-President of Student Services or his or her designated representative. The faculty member will communicate to the Campus Standards Committee in writing their recommendation for an appropriate sanction. However, the final decision of a sanction will reside with Campus Standards Committee.
Step 4: Upon completion of the SCAD, if it is determined this is the student’s third campus wide offense, the matter is automatically referred to Campus Standards Committee with a recommendation of an appropriate sanction from the faculty member. Alleged academic honor code violations referred to the Campus Standards Committee will follow committee guidelines above.
Written Warning - A written communication which gives official notice to the student that any subsequent offense against the student code of conduct will carry heavier penalties because of this prior infraction. The written warning will be initiated by the chair of the Campus Standards Committee, Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his or her designated representative.
Disciplinary Probation - A student placed on disciplinary probation may have the following types of sanctions included within Disciplinary Probation guidelines:
- Meet with a counselor or other designated person on a regular basis.
- Not be guilty of any further violations of Campus Standards.
- Removal from campus facilities. For example, a student may be allowed to attend class and complete all academic requirements but would not be allowed to visit the student lounge.
- Other stipulations may be added to tailor the sanction to meet the needs of the institution and/or student.
- The minimum time period that a student may be placed on disciplinary probation is one (1) semester.
Suspension - Suspension means that a student is dropped from the College. The minimum length of a suspension is the remainder of the current semester. Based on the seriousness of the violation, a longer suspension may be implemented. The student may apply for readmission after the specified time and may return if his/her application is approved by the Director of Admissions and the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his or her designated representative. Notice of suspension will be placed in the student’s official record file, but will be removed at the end of the suspension period.
Expulsion - Expulsion means that the student is separated from the College. The student loses indefinitely his/her student status. Notice of expulsion will be placed in the student’s official record file. The student may be readmitted to the College only with approval of the College President.
Other Penalties or Sanctions - Other sanctions may be imposed for various violations. These sanctions will be reviewed by the Assistant Vice President of Student Services. For example, a student found guilty of vandalism to college property will be required to pay the College to repair/replace vandalized item(s); withholding transcript, diploma, or right to register imposed when financial obligations are not met; loss of academic credit or grade imposed as a result of academic dishonesty.
Temporary Suspensions - If the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his designated representative determines that the behavior of an individual is dangerous to the welfare of the persons and/or property on the College campus and that immediate removal from campus is necessary, the Assistant Vice President of Student Services or his or her designated representative, in consultation with the College President or his or her designee, may implement a temporary suspension. A student who is temporarily suspended must leave campus immediately. The student will not be allowed to return until date and time of a scheduled review initiated by the Assistant Vice President of Student Services.
Withdrawals - A student may choose to withdraw from the College when confronted with disciplinary action. If a student withdraws from the College or leaves college, the investigation will be completed. Based on the completion of the investigation, appropriate judicial action will be initiated. In situations where an investigation results in judicial proceedings, the former student will be notified and will be allowed to participate in the proceedings. However, in cases where the former student is unable to participate in the judicial proceedings, the proceedings will be completed in the absence of the individual.